Thursday, June 27, 2019

Index Properties of Soil

The properties of the soil on which their classification and identification are based are known as index properties. The index properties that are used are:


  • Grain size distribution
  • Consistency limits
  • Plasticity index


General Considerations and Assumptions in the Soil Stability Analysis

1. Test samples to determine the cohesion and internal friction angle.
If the analysis is for a natural slope, it is essential that the sample is not disturbed. In aspects as important as the cutting application rate and the initial consolidation state, the condition of the test should represent as close as possible to the most unfavorable conditions that may occur in the real slope.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Flat Slabs


A flat slab is a reinforced two-way concrete slab that usually has no beams and beams, and the loads are transferred directly to the supporting concrete columns.

Advantages of the flat slab

The panels use flat slabs in many buildings due to their advantages over other reinforced concrete floor systems in different cases. The most important advantages of flat slabs are given below:

Common Building Materials


When it comes to renovations, improvements or projects from scratch, the choice of construction materials will largely determine the process and quality of a project. From the base materials to the material of choice to improve a wall, ceiling or roof, we break down the five common building materials found on the site along with their benefits because a well-informed contractor and builder knows to choose the construction material correct means to improve and extending the life of the construction.

What is Building? Basic Components of a Building


Construction or housing are the most fundamental needs for humanity. It gives us shelter. When we see or hear the word "Building", we imagine that a building is tall and has a roof, walls, rooms, etc. However, in a broader sense, the definition of a building is structurally constructive based on bricks, sands, types of cement, water, concrete, metal, etc.

What is construction?

The building is a type of structure that is constructed with materials and is included with foundations, baseboards, walls, floors, ceilings,

What is FSI for Buildings? Explanation, Calculation


FSI is the abbreviation of Floor Space Index. This term is the most used in India. It is equivalent to the floor area ratio (FAR) and the floor space ratio (FSR) that are used in other countries.

The floor space index (FSI) basically indicates the maximum permitted floor area that can be built on a plot. Numerically, FSI is the relationship between the covered area of ​​the building floor and the available gross area in that plot / lot.

The allowed value of the Floor Space Index (FSI) varies from one place to another. It also depends on the type of building. The value of the FSI ratio of a specific area is easily found in all the statutes of several cities and municipalities. Different cities or municipalities may have different statutes and, consequently, different FSI values.

The FSI / FAR allowable value depends on

1.Size of the plot
2.Type of building (residential, business, commercial institution, worship, etc.).
3.The width of the adjacent road.
4. Availability of power, water and sewer lines.

For a city or country, the value of FSI / FAR can be revised from time to time depending on the growth of each city, the increase in the value of the land, the development of the energy, water and sewerage facilities.

Submission Drawing Of House

Prepared By : Parag Pal