outsizes space of soil in such how that the load doesn't exceed the final word bearing capability of the soil and therefore the settlement of the whole structure remains inside a tolerable limit. Foundation is that the a part of a structure on that the building stands. The physical object on that the muse rests is termed the muse bed.
Foundation ought to fulfil the subsequent objectives:
1.Distribute the burden of the structure over an outsized space of soil.
2.Avoid unequal settlement.
3.Prevent the lateral movement of the structure.
4.Increase structural stability.
Why There square measure differing types of Foundation ?
As we all know that there square measure differing types of soil and bearing capability of the soil is completely different for every individual variety of soil. therefore reckoning on the profile, size and cargo of the structure, engineers selected differing types of foundation.
In general, all foundations square measure divided into 2 classes, like SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS and DEEP FOUNDATIONS. The terms Shallow Foundation and Deep Foundation visit the depth of the soil at that the muse is placed. Generally, if the breadth of the muse is bigger than the depth of the muse it's labelled as “Shallow Foundation” and if the breadth of the muse is smaller than the depth of the muse it's referred to as as “Deep Foundation.”
4. Cantilever or Strap Footing