Friday, 28 July 2017

Compression Test of concrete block.


The Compression Test is a laboratory test to determine the characteristic strength of the concrete but the making of test cubes is sometimes carried out by the supervisor on site. This cube test result is very important to the acceptance of insitu concrete work since it demonstrates the strength of the design mix.

The procedure of making the test cubes is as follows:

150 mm standard cube mold is to be used for concrete mix and 100 mm standard cube mold is to be used for grout mix.

Arrange adequate numbers of required cube molds to site in respect with the sampling sequence for the proposed pour.Make sure the apparatus and associated equipment are clean before test and free from hardened concrete and superfluous water .

Assemble the cube mold correctly and ensure all nuts are tightened.Apply a light coat of proprietary mold oil on the internal faces of the mold.Place the mold on level firm ground and fill with sampled concrete to a layer of about 50 mm thick.

Compact the layer of concrete thoroughly by tamping the whole surface area with the Standard Tamping Bar. (Note that no less than 35 tamps / layer for 150 mm mold and no less than 25 tamps / layer for 100 mm mold).Repeat Steps 5 & 6 until the mold is all filled. (Note that 3 layers to be proceeded for 150 mm mold and 2 layers for 100 mm mold).

Remove the surplus concrete after the mold is fully filled and trowel the top surface flush with the mold.Mark the cube surface with an identification number (say simply 1, 2, 3, etc) with a nail or match stick and record these numbers in respect with the concrete truck and location of pour where the sampled concrete is obtained.

Cover the cube surface with a piece of damp cloth or polythene sheeting and keep the cube in a place free from vibration for about 24 hours to allow initial set .Strip off the mold pieces in about 24 hours after the respective pour is cast. Press the concrete surface with the thumb to see any denting to ensure the concrete is sufficiently hardened, or otherwise de-molding has to be delayed for one more day and this occurrence should be stated clearly in the Test Report.

Mark the test cube a reference number with waterproof felt pen on the molded side, in respect with the previous identification number.Place the cube and submerge in a clean water bath or preferably a thermostatically controlled curing tank until it is delivered to the accredited laboratory for testing.

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