Wednesday, 15 June 2016

What is stone ?


Stone is a ‘naturally available building material’ which has been used from the early age of civilization. It is available in the form of rocks, which is cut to required size and shape and used as building block. It has been used to construct small residential buildings to large palaces and temples all over the world.

A. Type of Stones

• Geological   • Physical    • Chemical

B. Geological stone Classification

(i) Igneous Rocks

(ii) Sedimentary Rocks

(iii) Metamorphic Rocks

C. Physical stone Classification

(i) Stratified Rocks

(ii) Unstratified Rocks

(iii) Foliated Rocks

D. Chemical stone Classification

(i) Silicious rocks

(ii) Argillaceous rocks

(iii) Calcareous rocks

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